Gwyl Cynhaeaf (Welsh), Diocomrextios (Gaulish), Mabon (neo-Pagan).
Balance – day equals night. The harvest of fruit is nearly done and preparations for preserving it begin and the harvest of the hardier vegetables continues. This is the second of the harvest festivals and thanks are given for its continued bounty.
For Neo-Pagans, the God dies as the “Lord of the Harvest” and “King of the Hunt” in a willing sacrifice. He descends to the Underworld, to wait for his eventual rebirth. The Goddess feels the life burning within her and prepares for her own journey. One of the names for this festival is Mabon, possibly referring to the son of Modron, a Goddess of the Earth, and is a myth of disappearance or kidnapping as the sun’s power dims.
For Hellenic pagans, this may be the time to remember and contemplate the myth and mystery of Persephone and Demeter through the Eleusinian mysteries.